Thursday, October 15, 2009

Climate Change.

This article is in relation to "Blog Action Day". Climate change is the fluctuations in the patterns of climate over long periods of time. The evidences like fossil records, topography, history, meteorology and geology shows changes in the climate of 'blue planet'.
The current problem of 'climate change' is due to GLOBAL WARMING which in turn is the result of our past discovery of 'STEAM POWER' and 'FOSSIL FUELS' at the advent of INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. At that time, the policy makers, scientists and engineers did not judge the fate and impact of that industrial revolution. Now, the current generation of flora and fauna are facing the survival problem due to harmfull impact of GHG's.
UNIPCC2007 report has predicted dark future of the earth. The EARTH POLES will become more warmer which will result into rise in sea water level. Due to rise in sea water level, the massive human and economic dislocation in low-lying areas around the world will result. In tropical regions desertification and drought will increase while in temperate regions more rainfall is expected. Thus, global cropping pattern will change and will result into fall in agriculture production.
The main GHG responsible for climate change is carbon dioxide. The life time of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is more than 100 years. The other gases responsible for climate change are: methane, nitrous oxide and chloro-flouro-carbon. The high concentration of these gases trap more infra-red radiation and remitted back to earth's surface resulting in global warming.
Developed countries are the most emitter of GHG's and developing nations are the least emitter. All the countries of the world community are facing the same climate change and global warming problem, whether least emitter or most emitter nations. Whole world community wants the solution of climate change. Here are few suggestions, which needed urgent attention. These are:1. There should be a WORLD COMMISSION FOR SCIENCE AND DEVELOPMENT for promoting the researches and developmental works which have zero to low carbon emission.2. There should a compulsory constitutional amendment to make ENVIRONMENTAL WAY OF LIFESTYLE a compulsory duty.3. Our investment in R & D should be more on the forthcoming areas like solar, tidal, wind and water energies apart from on lowering carbon emission.4. There should be a big role for N.G.Os. in implementing the plans & projects of government.5. There should be effective programmes, at grass root level to save the environment from degradation, such as RED TAPE and GREEN VILLAGE .6. This should be the primary duty of DEVELOPED nations to provide financial help and green technology transfer to help DEVELOPING nations in phasing-out the fossil fuels.7. Carbon caping should not be the one way legislation programme against developing nations; this may cause economic recession in developing world.If we will consider the above points in COPENHAGEN SUMMIT09, then it will be better for the formation of a low carbon society.
Finally, we should remember the words from the speech of Mrs. Indira Gandhi, the then P.M. of India, said at UN conference on environment on June, 1972 at Stockholm. She said," MODERN MAN MUST RE-ESTABLISH AN UNBROKEN LINK WITH NATURE AND WITH LIFE." [ Prabhat Misra, District Savings Officer, Etawah, U.P., India. ]